While supplying organic potting soil, Bio Soil makes the most of vermicompost’s unrivalled stature in soil improvement procedures. It’s produced by applying scientifically proven methods and monitoring patiently each phase of the production. Let’s now look at some of the salient features of the production of vermicompost.
Vermicomposting: An Introduction
This soil improvement technique is done by using a variety of particular worms, such as red wigglers and white worms. The speciality of these worms is that they can process decomposing food wastes close to its own weight daily, with the help of microbes that accelerate the breakdown process. Bio soil takes extra care while selecting worms for each vermicomposting procedure.
Since the worms always need to be kept warm, vermicomposting is ideally executed indoors, by using decaying food wastes, bedding materials and worm manure.
The main component of vermicompost is mostly worm manure (vermi casting), which is the result of the breakdown of organic matter by an earthworm. The secretions in the intestinal tracts of earthworms along with soil passing through them make nutrients more concentrated and conducive for plant uptake. This bio compost has a faint earthy smell and is highly saturated with nutrients than organic materials before vermicomposting.
The worms used in Vermicomposting
We need to use a special variety of worms in this bio fertilizer—especially the ones that lives in warm climates— in order to have them survive in the decaying food atmosphere of a worm bin.
Red wigglers and white worms are mostly used in this process. They gobble up food waste, soil bacteria and fungi inside the bin to produce vermicompost. Red wigglers that have a lifespan of three to four years can produce 100 or more eggs per year. Each of these eggs can produce two or more baby worms that can reach sexual maturity within four to six weeks. Hence, in a good condition, you can double your worm population within six months. You have to remove the worms from the bin before they become too crowded, as it will lead to the slowing down of their reproduction.
Where to find worms?
If you want to create your own vermicompost, Bio soil will provide you the worms that are produced and tended in a highly productive composting environment.
The most important thing to be noted while selecting a worm bin is its depth: Ideally it shouldn’t be not more than 20 to 30 cm with plenty of surface area for better aeration and more space to bury waste. As the worms live close to the surface of the bin for the sake of breathing, it’s important to make many small holes on the lid and sides for air circulation.
Bedding in the worm bin is significant in your bio soil building process because without proper bedding the end product is likely to turn out to be a slimy and stinking mess. Bedding gives the worms a balanced diet in a moist and properly ventilated atmosphere.
The most affordable bedding material generally used in the bins are newspaper or cardboard with a small amount of biological soil (which is used to attract bacteria in soil and provide grit for the worms). We need to keep the bedding moist— that is no too wet or too dry— for better results.
Feeding the worms
There are some important things to be followed while feeding the worms in this soil improvement technique. It’s advised to bury the food wastes while cleaning up the kitchen to avoid pest and odour problems to a great extent. If possible, chop or crush the food scraps in a food processor. The worms and bacteria in soil can process fresh food much more quickly in this way, and finely minced food can release more water, adding adequate moisture to the bin.
You can also use a plastic container to collect all the organic waste. However, you should be careful to cover the container to avoid fruit flies before pouring the contents of the container into the worm bin.
In order to keep the worm population remains healthy and grow in your biological soil, you have to bury food scraps about twice a week. While doing so, don’t dig into an area that has waste deposited for about a month, because worms and other soil bacteria in the bin will have already consumed a large chunk of them. Make sure to bury the new waste with 3 cm area of the bedding, and replace the lid to preserve moisture.
Proportion of the bin and number of worms
It’s recommended for each 500 g of food waste produced, you will need at least 30 cm2 of bin space. If there is an enormous amount of food scraps, you can opt for several smaller bins rather than one large one to improve your bio soil building process. Since the worms can reproduce pretty quickly, you will have to either increase the size of your bin or give some worms away.
Vermicomposting is usually done indoors, as the ideal temperature for worms to thrive is between 16 to 27°C. If you are doing this outdoor where the temperature drops below 5°C, make sure to bring your vermicomposter indoors.
You can collect the compost within 3 to 6 months, which is the average period it takes for worms to consume most of the food waste.
Mainly two methods are used to harvest vermicompost. In the first technique, you can move the compost to one side of the bin, and thus, add new bedding along with food scraps to the other side. The worms will have drifted to the new bedding within six weeks so that you can collect the finished compost, and replace it with new bedding.
In the second method, you can isolate worms from finished bio compost by emptying the contents of the bin onto a newspaper or plastic sheet and place them under bright lights. Within 10 minutes, the worms move to the bottom or out of the piles as they can’t stand strong light. Using a glove, take out the finished compost carefully from the piles until you reach the worms crowded at the bottom.
How to use the finished compost?
As a highly preferred bio fertilizer by organic gardeners due to its higher nutrient content, vermicompost can be used like any other organic compost. Mostly people use it in the garden topsoil, as it can retain moister effectively along with the ability to combat certain plant diseases.
You can use Bio soil’s compost both for indoor and outdoor soil improvement purposes while mixing it with the topsoil, or spread as a thick layer on top of the existing soil. You can also use it as a seedling starter and potting soil mixture for faster and stronger produce without additional fertilizer.
There are many more ways to use vermicompost in your gardening process. If you want to learn more about vermicompost by Bio Soil, contact us now, we’ll get back to you with all the information you need to know about this highly organic and efficient fertilizer